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新編英語文體學教程課后答案

新編英語文體學教程課后答案篇一:文體學答案

A Ⅱ. Read the following short passages and answer the questions or do the assignment that follow (40 points).

Question 1: a. lexical differences (5 points): length, formality b. syntactic differences(5 points): length, structure Question 2: sample 2:oral, informal (2 points)

sample 3: formal, written(2 points)

sample 1: the style is between that ofsample1&2

Question 3: antithesis (2 points): not that……but that……

Rhetorical question (2 points): had you……to live all

freemen?

Parallelism: complete parallelism (2 points): as…I…

partial parallelism (2 points):tears for his love, joy

for his fortune……

repetition:(2 points)if any, speak, for him have I offended

Question 4(10 points):

without you have read=if you have not read 2 points that ain’t no matter=that isn’t matter 2 points I never seen= I have never seen 2 points Without it was Aunt Polly=it was not Aunt Polly 2 pointsAunt Polly and Mary, and the widow Douglas is all told= Aunt Polly and Mary, and the widow Douglas are all told Question 5(5 points): lower class, less educated

III. Read the following passages and analyze the stylistic features of the following passages (30 points). 1. total: 15 points

1) lexical(5 points): word length; word color; structure of

noun/verb group

2) syntactic(5 points): structure & type, tense, length

3) textual(5 points): news report; inverted pyramid;

paragraphing; inverted commas 2. total: 15 points

1) lexical (5 points): technical terms; word length; word color; structure of noun/verb group

2)syntactic (5 points): tense, structure, length, passive voice 3) textual (5 points): research abstract; goal; method;

result/conclusion

IV. Read the poem below and analyze its language and style (10 points).

1. phonological(3 points): iambic tetrameter; rhyme scheme

(aabb ccdd )

2. lexical(2 points): common words with one syllable and two

syllables

3. syntactic(2 points): using coordinated sentence structure to

weave contrasting ideas or elicit action.

4. theme(3 points): describing the miserable life of British

people and giving them suggestions.

B

Ⅱ. Read the following short passages and answer the questions or do the assignment that follow (40 points).

Question 1: a. lexical differences (5 points): length, formality b. syntactic differences(5 points): length, structure Question 2: sample 2:oral, informal (2 points)

sample 3: formal, written(2 points)

sample 1: the style is between that ofsample1&2

Question 3: antithesis (2 points): not that……but that……

Rhetorical question (2 points): had you……to live all

freemen?

Parallelism: complete parallelism (2 points): as…I…

partial parallelism (2 points):tears for his love, joy

for his fortune……

repetition:(2 points)if any, speak, for him have I offended

Question 4(10 points):

without you have read=if you have not read 2 points that ain’t no matter=that isn’t matter 2 points I never seen= I have never seen 2 points Without it was Aunt Polly=it was not Aunt Polly 2 pointsAunt Polly and Mary, and the widow Douglas is all told= Aunt Polly and Mary, and the widow Douglas are all told Question 5(5 points): lower class, less educated

III. Read the following passages and analyze the stylistic features of the following passages (30 points). 1. total: 15 points

1) lexical(5 points): word length; word color; structure of

noun/verb

新編英語文體學教程課后答案

group

2) syntactic(5 points): structure & type, tense, length

3) textual(5 points): news report; inverted pyramid;

paragraphing; inverted commas 2. total: 15 points

1) lexical (5 points): technical terms; word length; word color; structure of noun/verb group

2)syntactic (5 points): tense, structure, length, passive voice 3) textual (5 points): research abstract; goal; method;

result/conclusion

IV. Read the poem below and analyze its language and style (10 points).

1. phonological(2 points): main metrical pattern (iambic

pentameter), rhyme scheme (abab )

2. lexical(2 points): common words with one syllable and two

syllables

3. syntactic(2 points): simple coordinated sentence structure 4. theme(4 points): living to love nature and pursue art rather

than strive for fame and fortune

新編英語文體學教程課后答案篇二:英語文體學 1

English Stylistics

英語文體學

Course Introduction

Course title: English Stylistics

Course hours: 2 per week, 34 in total

Assessment:

1. Attendance

2. After-class preparation for related topics

3. In-class performance and involvement

4. Quiz

5. Final exam

Teaching Objectives:

Have a systematic knowledge of the features of different varieties of language

Make appropriate use of language in our communication

Familiarize ourselves with the stylistic features of the different gees of literature

Deepen our understanding and appreciation of literary works

Offer useful ideas on translation and language teaching

Textbook: English Stylistics(英語文體學)

Other reference books:

Introduction to English Stylistics《英語文體學引論》(丁往道 王佐良)

Essentials of English Stylistics 《英語文體學要略》 (王守元) Practical English Rhetoric《實用英語修辭》(呂煦)

English Stylistics: A New Course book 《新編英語文體學教程》(董啟明)

Course content:

本課程從英語學習的實際要求出發介紹有關英語文體和語體的基礎知識,屬于普通文體學的范疇。我們討論的重點是英語中已經形成的各種變體,例如因交際媒介不同而形成的口語語體和書面語體;因語言的使用領域不同而形成的各種功能變體(廣告語體、新聞語體、法律語體、會話語體、科技語體等);因交際者雙方關系不同而形成的正式語體和非正式語體等。

Chapter 1 The Concern of Stylistics

Definition of Style

Origin: Style originates from a Latin word stilus, it means:

An instrument made of metal, bone, etc., having one end sharp ended for incising letters on a wax tablet, and the other flat and broad for smoothing the tablet and erasing what is written: = stylus

Different understandings of style nowadays:

Style may refer to a person?s distinctive language habits. Eg. ?Shakespeare?s style?, ?Hemingway?s style?, ?Lu Xun?s style?, etc..

Style may refer to a set of collective characteristics of language use, i.e. language habits shared by a group of people at a given time, as

?Elizabethan style?, ?Yankee humor?.

Style may refer to the effectiveness of a mode of expression. “Saying the right thing in the most effective way”.

Style may refer solely to a characteristic of ?good? or ?beautiful? literary writing.

Style may be seen as the various characteristic uses of language that a person or group of persons make in various social contexts.

文體又可理解為風格,既可指一個作家運用語言的特色,又可指某個時代盛行的文風;既可指某種語篇體裁的語言特征,又可指某篇作品的語言格調和表現風格。狹義的文體指文學文體;廣義的文體則指包括文學文體在內的各種語言變體。

Definition of Stylistics

It is a discipline that studies the sum of stylistic features characteristic of the different varieties of language. It includes:

The situational features that influence variations in language use

The criterion for the classification of language variety

The description and interpretation of the linguistic features and functions of the main varieties of language

Stylistics is a branch of linguistics which studies style in a scientific and systematic way concerning the manners and linguistic features of different varieties of language at different levels.

英語文體學是一門運用現代語言學的理論和方法,結合文學理論知

識,研究各種英語變體的學科。

Modern stylistics has two subdivisions: general stylistics and literary stylistics. ?Stylistics? in this book, is general stylistics. (普通文體學和文學文體學)

The relationship between general stylistics and literary stylistics. (see the figure on page2)

Langue and parole(語言和言語):

Langue is the system of rules common to speakers of a particular language.

Parole is the particular uses of this system, or selections from this system, that a person or group of persons will make on this or that occasion.

Style belongs to parole. It consists in choices from the total linguistic repertoire of a particular language.

語言:語言是人類重要的交際工具,也是正常人賴以思維的工具,語言是一種符號系統,它包括語音系統、詞匯系統、語法系統。 言語:是人們在交際和活動中應用言語的過程和產物。

語言是社會生活的客觀現象,有規則性;同時,語言的語音系統、詞匯系統和語法系統是從全體社會成員言語交際中抽像概括出來的,一經產生就有較大的穩定性,隨社會的發展而發展。

言語是心理物理現象,具有個體性和多變性,不僅每個人都有自己的言語風格,而且同一個人在不同的場合其言語的表達方式也不同。聯系:

語言和言語又是密切聯系的。言語不可能離開語言而存在。離開語言這種工具,人就無法表達自己的思想或意見,也就無法進行交際活動。語言也離不開言語,因為任何一種語言都必須通過人們的言語活動才能發揮其交際工具的作用;一旦某種語言不再被人們用來進行交際,終究要從社會上消失掉。

總之:語言是全民的、概括的、有限的、靜態的系統(知識);言語是個人的、具體的、無限的、動態的現象(話語)。

More terms defined:

Language (言語行為)

Actions as carried out through language.

Speech events(言語活動/言語事件):

Social activities in which language plays an important role such as conversation, discussion, lecture, etc..

Aspect of speech events: substance, form and situation

Text(文本)

Verbal communication (either spoken or written) seen as a message coded in a linear pattern of sound waves, or in a linear sequence of visible marks on paper.

Language functions:

Ideational or referential function(表達說話者經驗的概念功能)

Interpersonal or expressive/social function(表達說話者態度、評價以及

新編英語文體學教程課后答案篇三:文體學的教案,

■Course: English Stylistics

■Time: Sep.6-30

■Course material: English Stylistics: A New Course Book《新編英語文體學教程》董啟明編著 外語教學與研究出版社

■Teaching procedure: Part OneTheoretical Preliminaries(理論預備) and Major Varieties(主要變體)of English

Chapter 1 Style and Stylistics

1.1 Introduction

1. What is Language? And in which aspects of language does stylistics focus on?

A. Language is the primary object of the study of linguistics, and linguists construct theories of language in general or of particular languages from differing points of view. The discussion of the concepts of style should focus on some essential aspects of language on which most linguists agree.

B. Language is viewed as a system of different types of linguistic organization such as phonology, syntax and lexicon. The English language consists of its pattern of sounds, sets of grammatical rules and a large body of vocabulary.

C. Language is also a social phenomenon, or institution, whereby people communicate and interact with each other. A language of a particular society is part of the society’s culture. Language activities operate within social activities. The language of a participant in a social activity reflects his social characteristics (such as his status, ethnic group, age and sex). It also reflects his awareness of the various factors of a social situation in which he finds himself. He should adjust his language in accordance with the medium of communication (speech or writing), the setting (private or public), the relationship with the addressee (in terms of the degree of intimacy or social distance), and the purpose (to inform, to persuade, etc.).

2. Varieties 變體 of Language(variety=style)

A. Varieties in relation to regions---- British/American English

B. Varieties in relation to media----Spoken English/Written English

C. Varieties in relation to attitude----degrees of formality/politeness/ impersonality/accessibility

D. Varieties in relation to social factors----Women’s English/Black English/Taboo and Euphemism

E. Varieties in relation to social Gee----The English of Conversation / Public speaking / News reporting/Advertising/Literary English (The Novel/Poetry)/ Science and Technology/Legal Documents

3. Varieties analysis theory----Stylistics (文體學)

★Essence of stylistics : Appropriate use of language is considered the key to effective communication.

e.g. How to suck an egg? (Example and Analysis: Page 3)

★Analysis : The difference lies in the fact that the young student used some big and formal words, such as perforation(齒孔,hole) ,apex (頂點,最高點 top), aperture(小孔,縫隙,opening), inhaling(吸氣) discharged(流出), which made her utterance difficult to understand, especially by an old woman without much education,while the old woman used informal words, such as gal, hole, end and suck. As a result, her utterance is easy to understand.

★Note: Different styles should be used on different occasions, and the key to the effective use of language is “”, and the key to is 1.2 Definitions of Style/Stylistics/Text

1. Text

Definition: A TEXT is any passage, spoken or written, of whatever length, that forms a unified whole. It may be the product of a single speaker/writer (e.g. a sign, a letter, a news report, a statue, a novel), or that of several speakers (e.g. a piece of conversation, a debate).

For example,

Two boys stood near a jeweller’Analysis:

A text is realized by a sequence of language units, whether they are sentences or not. The connection among parts of a text is achieved by various cohesive devices, and by semantic and pragmatic implication. In the text you may notice the following modifications, which serve as 1) grammatical cohesive devices:

(a) the use of the definite article on second mention, e.g.(b) the substitution of pronouns for nouns. e.g.

two boys---- they

(c) the use of conjunction. e.g.

They ran after him, because…

2) the lexical cohesion in the text is realized by the collocation of the words that are in some way or other typically associated with one another, e.g. steal all the watches; took him for a thief

2. Style

Definition—Manners indicating prominent linguistic features, devices or patterns, most (at least) frequently occur in a particular text of a particular variety of language.

Analysis:①Manners (appropriateness) [Study Aims]

indicating prominent

a) linguistic features (phonological /lexical /syntactic /grammatical/semantic features),

b) devices (device markers) or

c) Patterns(文體/語體常規“型式”) [Study Scope]

③most (or least) frequently occur (words/sentences percentage) [Study Approach]

in a particular

④ text(語篇、篇章、文本) of a particular

⑤ variety of language. [Study Material]

2. Stylistics

Definition----Stylistics is a branch of linguistics which studies style in a scientific way concerning the manners/linguistic features of different varieties of language at different levels.

? which studies style [Study

Approach] concerning the manners/linguistic features [Study Aims] of different varieties of language [Study Scopes] at different levels [Study Scopes].

1.4 The Development of Stylistics

《文心雕龍 · 劉勰》摘錄

? 《說文》云:“體,總十二屬也,從骨。”即體的本義指人體骨骼系統,有整體構成之義,象

喻思維模式中,文體的語言結構可以借此喻示。

? 在《情采》等篇中,劉勰的文體思想主要涉及文體的情理本質、篇章結構、聲律結

構、章句結構及麗辭結構等五個方面。

? 《情采》贊云:“言以文遠,誠哉斯驗。心術既形,英華乃贍。”言指文體語言結構,文指

舒布文采,心術指為文之用心,英華為文采同義語。劉勰認為:文采以文心為本。由于情理是主體的心腦功能,這等于說作為語言結構的文體以主體情理為本,情采即情理文采的概念由此生成。

1.5 The Scope of Study

1. General Stylistics

General stylistics studies different varieties of language. For example, according to field of discourse, with the related functions of language used in different gees(文學作品類型), novels, poetry, scientific treatises協議條約, and legal documents.

2. Literary Stylistics

Literary Stylistics studies variations characteristic of different literary gees----poetry, novels, drama, etc., with the purpose of promoting literary texts as communicative acts.

3. Theoretical Stylistics

Theoretical Stylistics studies the theories, the origin, the trend, and the historical development of stylistics as well as characteristics of different branch of stylistics.

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